Orthodontics is that branch of dentistry which specialises in the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of problems in the alignment of teethWhat is Orthodontics? and jaws.
The technical term for these problems is malocclusion, which literally means bad bite.
Orthodontic treatment involves the design and use of corrective appliances (such as braces, plates, headgears and functional appliances) to bring the teeth and jaws into proper alignment.
Orthodontics also includes cosmetic dentistry; when the patient’s aim is to improve his/her appearance.
An orthodontist uses a range of medical dental devices, including headgears, plates, braces, etc. to help in:
Closing wide gaps between the teeth
Making sure the tips of the teeth are aligned
Straightening crooked teeth
To improve speech or eating (oral function)
To improve the long-term health of gums and teeth
To prevent long-term excessive wear or trauma (of the teeth)
Treating an improper bite